On Feminism

How feminism has shaped photography? An introduction to the winter 2016 issue of Aperture.

Farah Al Qasimi, S Folding Blanket, 2016 Courtesy the artist and The Third Line, Dubai

Farah Al Qasimi, S Folding Blanket, 2016
Courtesy the artist and The Third Line, Dubai

More than one hundred years before Laura Mulvey coined the phrase “the male gaze” in the 1970s, pioneers of photography such as Julia Margaret Cameron and Virginia Oldoini, Countess of Castiglione, were fully aware of what it meant to author one’s own image. The abolitionist Sojourner Truth deployed her portrait for the cause of freedom. “I Sell the Shadow to Support the Substance,” her cartes-de-visite read. A medium that could fabricate denigrating notions of gender and identity would also be wielded in the service of self-expression and personal transformation. As Julia Bryan-Wilson writes in these pages, “Female photographers have long been riveted by the structures of gender—its theatrics, its stereotypes—in order to explode them.”

This issue focuses on intergenerational dialogues, debates, and strategies of feminism in photography and considers the immense contributions by artists whose work articulates or interrogates representations of women in media and society. Guided by conversations with the contributors, as well as a range of critics and scholars of feminist art, this issue arrives at a moment when the very idea of gender is central to conversations about equality, and the power and influence that women hold on the world stage is irrefutable.

The aspirations and demands of feminist movements have changed dramatically. A century ago, women protested for the vote. Today, women lead from the heights of politics and business. Celebrities have taken up the mantle of popular feminism, while movements for women’s advocacy have earned wide exposure internationally. But the struggle endures. Beyoncé lands a commercial hit with her provocative visual album Lemonade, but in Pakistan, the social-media star Qandeel Baloch is killed for her self-expression on Instagram. Trans actress Laverne Cox graces the cover of Time magazine, but trans individuals still face the daily threat of violence from Detroit to Johannesburg. For the photographer and activist Zanele Muholi, who has spent her career documenting LGBT women for posterity, the photograph is the record of a life lived, the proof of existence.

While not all of the artists in this issue address feminist politics explicitly—and what exactly defines such politics varies widely—they are each, in their own ways, concerned with how women are envisioned by art, culture, and memory. Their work underscores how photography has shaped feminism as much as how feminism has shaped photography. —The Editors

Read more from Aperture Issue 225, “On Feminism,” or subscribe to Aperture and never miss an issue.

Aperture 225

Aperture 225

Aperture: The Magazine of Photography and Ideas “On Feminism” The winter issue of Aperture, “On Feminism,” arrives at a moment when the power and influence women hold on the world stage is irrefutable, and the very idea of gender is central to conversations about equality across the country, and around the globe. “On Feminism” focuses on intergenerational dialogues, debates, and strategies of feminism in photography and considers the immense contributions by artists whose work articulates or interrogates representations of women in media and society. Across more than one hundred years of photographs and images, “On Feminism” underscores how photography has shaped feminism as much as how feminism has shaped photography. FRONT Redux Brian Wallis on Leonard Freed’s Black in White America, 1968 Spotlight Eli Durst’s In Asmara by Alexandra Pechman Curriculum By Martha Rosler Dispatches Maria Nicolacopoulou on Athens BACK Object Lessons Les Femmes de l’Avenir, 1900–1902 WORDS On Feminism Contributions by Catherine Morris, Zanele Muholi, Laurie Simmons, Johanna Fateman, Zackary Drucker, and A. L. Steiner Modern Women: David Campany in Conversation with Marta Gili, Julie Jones, and Roxana Marcoci The artists who redefined the course of twentieth-century photography The Feminist Avant-Garde In self-portraiture and body art, experimental pioneers of the 1970s By Nancy Princenthal Sex Wars Revisited Lesbian erotica as critical rebellion By Laura Guy A Taste of Power: Renée Cox in Conversation with Uri McMillan From Angela Davis to Beyoncé, the icons and avatars of black style History Is Ours The legacy of protest in video and performance By Eva Díaz On Defiance How women have resisted representational photography By Eva Respini Beyond Binary New visions of trans feminism By Julia Bryan-Wilson Our Bodies, Online Feminist images in the age of Instagram By Carmen Winant PICTURES Cosey Fanni Tutti Introduction by Alison M. Gingeras Gillian Wearing Introduction by Jennifer Blessing Yurie Nagashima Introduction by Lesley A. Martin Hannah Starkey Introduction by Sara Knelman Katharina Gaenssler Introduction by Yvonne Bialek Josephine Pryde Introduction by Alex Klein Laia Abril Introduction by Karen Archey Farah Al Qasimi Introduction by Kaelen Wilson-Goldie Martine Syms Introduction by Amanda Hunt Elle Pérez Introduction by Salamishah Tillet
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